Bekyree: Package Insert and Label Information

BEKYREE — desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol and ethinyl estradiol
Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Rx Only

Patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against HIV infection (aids) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

DESCRIPTION

Bekyree™ (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) provide an oral contraceptive regimen of 21 white round biconvex tablets each containing 0.15 mg desogestrel (13-ethyl-11-methylene-18,19-dinor-17 alpha-pregn-4-en- 20-yn-17-ol), 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol (19-nor-17 alpha-pregna-1,3,5 (10)-trien-20-yne-3,17-diol), and inactive ingredients which include colloidal silicon dioxide, corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, povidone, stearic acid, talc, vitamin E and opadry white, a film coating made of hypromellose, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide, followed by 2 inert green round biconvex tablets with the following inactive ingredients: corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and opadry green, a film coating made of D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Yellow No. 6 Aluminum Lake, hypromellose, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide. Bekyree also contains 5 yellow round biconvex tablets containing 0.01 mg ethinyl estradiol (19-nor-17 alpha-pregna-1,3,5 (10)-trien-20-yne-3,17-diol) and inactive ingredients which include colloidal silicon dioxide, corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, povidone, stearic acid, talc, vitamin E and opadry yellow, a film coating made of FD&C Yellow No. 5 Aluminum Lake, hypromellose, iron oxide yellow, polyethylene glycol, and titanium dioxide. The molecular weights for desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol are 310.5 and 296.40 respectively. The structural formulas are as follows:

Desogestrel
(click image for full-size original)
Ethinyl Estradiol USP
(click image for full-size original)

Desogestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol Tablets USP, 0.15 mg/0.02 mg meet USP Dissolution Test 2.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Combination oral contraceptives act by suppression of gonadotropins. Although the primary mechanism of this action is inhibition of ovulation, other alterations include changes in the cervical mucus (which increase the difficulty of sperm entry into the uterus) and the endometrium (which reduce the likelihood of implantation).

Receptor binding studies, as well as studies in animals, have shown that etonogestrel, the biologically active metabolite of desogestrel, combines high progestational activity with minimal intrinsic androgenicity (91,92). The relevance of this latter finding in humans is unknown.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Desogestrel is rapidly and almost completely absorbed and converted into etonogestrel, its biologically active metabolite. Following oral administration, the relative bioavailability of desogestrel compared to a solution, as measured by serum levels of etonogestrel, is approximately 100%. Bekyree provide two different regimens of ethinyl estradiol; 0.02 mg in the combination tablet [white] as well as 0.01 mg in the yellow tablet. Ethinyl estradiol is rapidly and almost completely absorbed. After a single dose of desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol combination tablet [white], the relative bioavailability of ethinyl estradiol is approximately 93% while the relative bioavailability of the 0.01 mg ethinyl estradiol tablet [yellow] is 99%. The effect of food on the bioavailability of Bekyree following oral administration has not been evaluated.

The pharmacokinetics of etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol following multiple dose administration of Bekyree was determined during the third cycle in 17 subjects. Plasma concentrations of etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol reached steady-state by Day 21. The AUC(0–24) for etonogestrel at steady-state on Day 21 was approximately 2.2 times higher than AUC(0–24) on Day 1 of the third cycle. The pharmacokinetic parameters of etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol during the third cycle following multiple dose administration of Bekyree are summarized in Table I.

TABLE I: MEAN (SD) PHARMACOKINETIC PARAMETERS OF Bekyree OVER A 28-DAY DOSING PERIOD IN THE THIRD CYCLE (n=17).
*
Desogestrel
Etonogestrel
Day Dose * mg Cm a x pg / mL Tm a x h t1 / 2 h AUC0 2 4 pg / mL . hr CL / F L / h
1 0.15 2503.6 (987.6) 2.4 (1) 29.8 (16.3) 17,832 (5674) 5.4 (2.5)
21 0.15 4091.2 (1186.2) 1.6 (0.7) 27.8 (7.2) 39,391 (12,134) 4.4 (1.4)

Cm a x measured peak concentration

Tm a x — observed time of peak concentration

t1 / 2 — elimination half-life, calculated by 0.693/Ke l i m

AUC0 2 4 -area under the concentration-time curve calculated by the linear trapezoidal rule (Time 0 to 24 hours

CL/F-apparent clearance

Ethinyl Estradiol
Day Dose mg Cm a x pg / mL Tm a x h t1 / 2 h AUC0 2 4 pg / mL . hr CL / F L / h
1 0.02 51.9 (15.4) 2.9 (1.2) 16.5 (4.8) 566 (173)1 25.7 (9.1)
21 0.02 62.2 (25.9) 2 (0.8) 23.9 (25.5) 597 (127)1 35.1 (8.2)
24 0.01 24.6 (10.8) 2.4 (1) 18.8 (10.3) 246 (65) 43.6 (12.2)
28 0.01 35.3 (27.5) 2.1 (1.3) 18.9 (8.3) 312 (62) 33.2 (6.6)

Distribution

Etonogestrel, the active metabolite of desogestrel, was found to be 99% protein bound, primarily to sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). Ethinyl estradiol is approximately 98.3% bound, mainly to plasma albumin. Ethinyl estradiol does not bind to SHBG, but induces SHBG synthesis. Desogestrel, in combination with ethinyl estradiol, does not counteract the estrogen-induced increase in SHBG, resulting in lower serum levels of free testosterone (96–99).

Metabolism

Desogestrel:

Desogestrel is rapidly and completely metabolized by hydroxylation in the intestinal mucosa and on first pass through the liver to etonogestrel. Other metabolites (i.e., 3α-OH-desogestrel, 3β-OH-desogestrel, and 3α-OH-5α-H-desogestrel) with no pharmacologic actions also have been identified and these metabolites may undergo glucuronide and sulfate conjugation.

Ethinyl Estradiol:

Ethinyl estradiol is subject to a significant degree of presystemic conjugation (phase II metabolism). Ethinyl estradiol escaping gut wall conjugation undergoes phase I metabolism and hepatic conjugation (phase II metabolism). Major phase I metabolites are 2-OH-ethinyl estradiol and 2-methoxy-ethinyl estradiol. Sulfate and glucuronide conjugates of both ethinyl estradiol and phase I metabolites, which are excreted in bile, can undergo enterohepatic circulation.

Excretion

Etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol are excreted in urine, bile, and feces. At steady state, on Day 21, the elimination half-life of etonogestrel is 27.8±7.2 hours and the elimination half-life of ethinyl estradiol for the combination tablet is 23.9±25.5 hours. For the 0.01 mg ethinyl estradiol tablet [yellow], the elimination half-life at steady state, Day 28, is 18.9±8.3 hours.

Special Populations

Special Populations

Race

There is no information to determine the effect of race on the pharmacokinetics of Bekyree.

Hepatic Insufficiency

No formal studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of hepatic disease on the disposition of Bekyree.

Renal Insufficiency

No formal studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of renal disease on the disposition of Bekyree.

Drug-Drug Interactions

Interactions between desogestrel/ethinyl estradiol and other drugs have been reported in the literature. No formal drug-drug interaction studies were conducted (see PRECAUTIONS section).

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Bekyree (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use this product as a method of contraception.

Oral contraceptives are highly effective. Table II lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, depends upon the reliability with which they are used. Correct and consistent use of these methods can result in lower failure rates.

TABLE II: PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN EXPERIENCING AN UNINTENDED PREGNANCY DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF TYPICAL USE AND THE FIRST YEAR OF PERFECT USE OF CONTRACEPTION AND THE PERCENTAGE CONTINUING USE AT THE END OF THE FIRST YEAR, UNITED STATES.

Among couples attempting to avoid pregnancy, the percentage who continue to use a method for one year.

b Among typical couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason.

c Among couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time) and who use it perfectly (both consistently and correctly), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason.

d The percents becoming pregnant in columns (2) and (3) are based on data from populations where contraception is not used and from women who cease using contraception in order to become pregnant. Among such populations, about 89% become pregnant within one year. This estimate was lowered slightly (to 85%) to represent the percent who would become pregnant within one year among women now relying on reversible methods of contraception if they abandoned contraception altogether.

e Foams, creams, gels, vaginal suppositories, and vaginal film.

f Cervical mucus (ovulation) method supplemented by calendar in the pre-ovulatory and basal body temperature in the post-ovulatory phases.

g With spermicidal cream or jelly.

h Without spermicides.

% of Women Experiencing an Unintended Pregnancy within the First Year of Use % of Women Continuing Use at One Yeara
Method Typical Useb (2) Perfect Usec (3) (4)
(1)
Chanced 85 85
Spermicidese 26 6 40
Periodic abstinence 25 63
Calendar 9
Ovulation Method 3
Sympto-Thermalf 2
Post-Ovulation 1
Withdrawal 19 4
Capg
Parous Women 40 26 42
Nulliparous Women 20 9 56
Sponge
Parous Women 40 20 42
Nulliparous Women 20 9 56
Diaphragmg 20 6 56
Condomh
Female (Reality) 21 5 56
Male 14 3 61
Pill 5 71
Progestin Only 0.5
Combined 0.1
IUD
Progesterone T 2.0 1.5 81
Copper T 380A 0.8 0.6 78
LNg 20 0.1 0.1 81
Depo-Provera 0.3 0.3 70
Norplant and Norplant-2 0.05 0.05 88
Female Sterilization 0.5 0.5 100
Male Sterilization 0.15 0.10 100

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