ADCIRCA: Package Insert and Label Information

ADCIRCA- tadalafil tablet
Aphena Pharma Solutions — Tennessee, LLC

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

ADCIRCA® is indicated for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (WHO Group 1) to improve exercise ability. Studies establishing effectiveness included predominately patients with NYHA Functional Class II – III symptoms and etiologies of idiopathic or heritable PAH (61%) or PAH associated with connective tissue diseases (23%).

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

The recommended dose of ADCIRCA is 40 mg (two 20 mg tablets) taken once daily with or without food. Dividing the dose (40 mg) over the course of the day is not recommended.

2.2 Use in Special Populations

Renal Impairment

  • Mild (creatinine clearance 51 to 80 mL/min) or moderate (creatinine clearance 31 to 50 mL/min): Start dosing at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based on individual tolerability.
  • Severe (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min and on hemodialysis): Avoid use of ADCIRCA because of increased tadalafil exposure (AUC), limited clinical experience, and the lack of ability to influence clearance by dialysis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) and Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

Hepatic Impairment

  • Mild or moderate (Child Pugh Class A or B): Because of limited clinical experience in patients with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis, consider a starting dose of 20 mg once per day.
  • Severe (Child Pugh Class C): Patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis have not been studied. Avoid use of ADCIRCA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4) and Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

Geriatric Patients

  • No dose adjustment is required in patients >65 years of age without renal impairment or hepatic impairment.

2.3 Use with Ritonavir

Co-administration of ADCIRCA in Patients on Ritonavir

In patients receiving ritonavir for at least one week, start ADCIRCA at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Co-administration of Ritonavir in Patients on ADCIRCA

Avoid use of ADCIRCA during the initiation of ritonavir. Stop ADCIRCA at least 24 hours prior to starting ritonavir. After at least one week following the initiation of ritonavir, resume ADCIRCA at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2), Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

20 mg, orange, film-coated, almond-shaped tablets (not scored) debossed with “4467”.

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

4.1 Concomitant Organic Nitrates

Do not use ADCIRCA in patients who are using any form of organic nitrate, either regularly or intermittently. ADCIRCA potentiates the hypotensive effect of nitrates. This potentiation is thought to result from the combined effects of nitrates and ADCIRCA on the nitric oxide/cGMP pathway [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

4.2 Concomitant Guanylate Cyclase (GC) Stimulators

Do not use ADCIRCA in patients who are using a GC stimulator, such as riociguat. ADCIRCA may potentiate the hypotensive effects of GC stimulators.

4.3 Hypersensitivity Reactions

ADCIRCA is contraindicated in patients with a known serious hypersensitivity to tadalafil (ADCIRCA or CIALIS). Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and exfoliative dermatitis [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Cardiovascular Effects

Discuss with patients the appropriate action to take in the event that they experience anginal chest pain requiring nitroglycerin following intake of ADCIRCA. At least 48 hours should elapse after the last dose of ADCIRCA before taking nitrates. If a patient has taken ADCIRCA within 48 hours, administer nitrates under close medical supervision with appropriate hemodynamic monitoring. Patients who experience anginal chest pain after taking ADCIRCA should seek immediate medical attention.

PDE5 inhibitors, including tadalafil, have mild systemic vasodilatory properties that may result in transient decreases in blood pressure. Prior to prescribing ADCIRCA, carefully consider whether patients with underlying cardiovascular disease could be affected adversely by such vasodilatory effects. Patients with severely impaired autonomic control of blood pressure or with left ventricular outflow obstruction, (e.g., aortic stenosis and idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis) may be particularly sensitive to the actions of vasodilators, including PDE5 inhibitors.

Pulmonary vasodilators may significantly worsen the cardiovascular status of patients with pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD). Since there are no clinical data on administration of ADCIRCA to patients with veno-occlusive disease, administration of ADCIRCA to such patients is not recommended. Should signs of pulmonary edema occur when ADCIRCA is administered, the possibility of associated PVOD should be considered.

There is a lack of data on safety and efficacy in the following groups who were specifically excluded from the PAH clinical trials:

  • Patients with clinically significant aortic and mitral valve disease
  • Patients with pericardial constriction
  • Patients with restrictive or congestive cardiomyopathy
  • Patients with significant left ventricular dysfunction
  • Patients with life-threatening arrhythmias
  • Patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease
  • Patients with hypotension (<90/50 mm Hg) or uncontrolled hypertension

Use with Alpha Blockers and Antihypertensives

PDE5 inhibitors, including ADCIRCA, and alpha–adrenergic blocking agents are vasodilators with blood pressure–lowering effects. When vasodilators are used in combination, an additive effect on blood pressure may be anticipated. In some patients, concomitant use of these two drug classes can lower blood pressure significantly [see Drug Interactions (7.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)], which may lead to symptomatic hypotension (e.g., fainting). Safety of combined use of PDE5 inhibitors and alpha blockers may be affected by other variables, including intravascular volume depletion and use of other antihypertensive drugs [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Use with Alcohol

Both alcohol and tadalafil are mild vasodilators. When mild vasodilators are taken in combination, blood pressure-lowering effects are increased [see Drug Interactions (7.1) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)].

5.2 Use with Potent CYP3A Inhibitors or Inducers

Co-administration of ADCIRCA in Patients on Ritonavir

In patients receiving ritonavir for at least one week, start ADCIRCA at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Co-administration of Ritonavir in Patients on ADCIRCA

Avoid use of ADCIRCA during the initiation of ritonavir. Stop ADCIRCA at least 24 hours prior to starting ritonavir. After at least one week following the initiation of ritonavir, resume ADCIRCA at 20 mg once daily. Increase to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability [see Dosage and Administration (2.3), Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Other Potent Inhibitors of CYP3A

Tadalafil is metabolized predominantly by CYP3A in the liver. In patients taking potent inhibitors of CYP3A such as ketoconazole and itraconazole, avoid use of ADCIRCA [see Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Potent Inducers of CYP3A

For patients chronically taking potent inducers of CYP3A, such as rifampin, avoid use of ADCIRCA [see Drug Interactions (7.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

5.3 Use in Renal Impairment

In patients with mild or moderate renal impairment

Start dosing at 20 mg once daily. Increase the dose to 40 mg once daily based upon individual tolerability [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

In patients with severe renal impairment

Avoid use of ADCIRCA because of increased tadalafil exposure (AUC), limited clinical experience, and the lack of ability to influence clearance by dialysis [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

5.4 Use in Hepatic Impairment

In patients with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis (Child-Pugh Class A and B)

Because of limited clinical experience in patients with mild to moderate hepatic cirrhosis, consider a starting dose of 20 mg once daily ADCIRCA [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

In patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis (Child-Pugh Class C)

Patients with severe hepatic cirrhosis have not been studied. Avoid use of ADCIRCA [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

5.5 Visual Loss

Physicians should advise patients to seek immediate medical attention in the event of a sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes. Such an event may be a sign of non–arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), a cause of decreased vision, including permanent loss of vision, that has been reported postmarketing in temporal association with the use of all PDE5 inhibitors. Most, but not all, of these patients had underlying anatomic or vascular risk factors for development of NAION, including but not necessarily limited to: low cup to disc ratio (“crowded disc”), age over 50, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hyperlipidemia, and smoking. Based on published literature, the annual incidence of NAION is 2.5-11.8 cases per 100,000 in males aged ≥50 in the general population. An observational case-crossover study evaluated the risk of NAION when PDE5 inhibitor use, as a class, typical of erectile dysfunction treatment, occurred immediately before NAION onset (within 5 half-lives), compared to PDE5 inhibitor use in a prior time period. The results suggest an approximate 2-fold increase in the risk of NAION, with a risk estimate of 2.15 (95% CI 1.06, 4.34). A similar study reported a consistent result, with a risk estimate of 2.27 (95% CI 0.99, 5.20). Other risk factors for NAION, such as the presence of “crowded” optic disc, may have contributed to the occurrence of NAION in these studies.

Neither the rare postmarketing reports, nor the association of PDE5 inhibitor use and NAION in the observational studies, substantiate a causal relationship between PDE5 inhibitor use and NAION [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

Physicians should also discuss with patients the increased risk of NAION in individuals who have already experienced NAION in one eye, including whether such individuals could be adversely affected by use of vasodilators such as PDE5 inhibitors.

Patients with known hereditary degenerative retinal disorders, including retinitis pigmentosa, were not included in the clinical trials, and use in these patients is not recommended.

5.6 Hearing Impairment

Physicians should advise patients to seek immediate medical attention in the event of sudden decrease or loss of hearing. These events, which may be accompanied by tinnitus and dizziness, have been reported in temporal association to the intake of PDE5 inhibitors, including ADCIRCA. It is not possible to determine whether these events are related directly to the use of PDE5 inhibitors or to other factors [see Adverse Reactions (6.2)].

5.7 Combination with Other PDE5 Inhibitors

Tadalafil is also marketed as CIALIS. The safety and efficacy of taking ADCIRCA together with CIALIS or other PDE5 inhibitors have not been studied. Inform patients taking ADCIRCA not to take CIALIS or other PDE5 inhibitors.

5.8 Prolonged Erection

There have been rare reports of prolonged erections greater than 4 hours and priapism (painful erections greater than 6 hours in duration) for this class of compounds. Priapism, if not treated promptly, can result in irreversible damage to the erectile tissue. Patients who have an erection lasting greater than 4 hours, whether painful or not, should seek emergency medical attention.

ADCIRCA should be used with caution in patients who have conditions that might predispose them to priapism (such as sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, or leukemia), or in patients with anatomical deformation of the penis (such as angulation, cavernosal fibrosis, or Peyronie’s disease).

5.9 Effects on Bleeding

PDE5 is found in platelets. When administered in combination with aspirin, tadalafil 20 mg did not prolong bleeding time, relative to aspirin alone. ADCIRCA has not been administered to patients with bleeding disorders or significant active peptic ulceration. Although ADCIRCA has not been shown to increase bleeding times in healthy subjects, use in patients with bleeding disorders or significant active peptic ulceration should be based upon a careful risk-benefit assessment.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Hypotension [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
  • Visual Loss [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5) and Patient Counseling Information (17)]
  • Hearing loss [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
  • Priapism [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Tadalafil was administered to 398 patients with PAH during clinical trials worldwide. In trials of ADCIRCA, a total of 311 and 251 subjects have been treated for at least 182 days and 360 days, respectively. The overall rates of discontinuation because of an adverse event (AE) in the placebo-controlled trial were 9% for ADCIRCA 40 mg and 15% for placebo. The rates of discontinuation because of AEs, other than those related to worsening of PAH, in patients treated with ADCIRCA 40 mg was 4% compared to 5% in placebo-treated patients.

In the placebo-controlled study, the most common AEs were generally transient and mild to moderate in intensity. Table 1 presents treatment-emergent adverse events reported by ≥9% of patients in the ADCIRCA 40 mg group and occurring more frequently than with placebo.

Table 1: Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events Reported by ≥9% of Patients in ADCIRCA and More Frequent than Placebo by 2%
EVENT Placebo (%)
(N=82)
ADCIRCA 20 mg (%)
(N=82)
ADCIRCA 40 mg (%)
(N=79)
Headache 15 32 42
Myalgia 4 9 14
Nasopharyngitis 7 2 13
Flushing 2 6 13
Respiratory Tract Infection (Upper and Lower) 6 7 13
Pain in Extremity 2 5 11
Nausea 6 10 11
Back Pain 6 12 10
Dyspepsia 2 13 10
Nasal Congestion (Including sinus congestion) 1 0 9
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