Xyntha: Package Insert and Label Information (Page 2 of 5)


XYNTHA SOLOFUSE is available as a white to off-white lyophilized powder in the following nominal dosages:

250 International Units
500 International Units
1000 International Units
2000 International Units
3000 International Units

Each XYNTHA SOLOFUSE has the actual recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) potency in International Units stated on the label.


XYNTHA is contraindicated in patients who have manifested life-threatening immediate hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to the product or its components, including hamster proteins.


5.1 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Allergic type hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, are possible with XYNTHA. Inform patients of the early signs or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions (including hives [rash with itching], generalized urticaria, chest tightness, wheezing, and hypotension) and anaphylaxis. Discontinue XYNTHA if hypersensitivity symptoms occur and administer appropriate emergency treatment.

XYNTHA contains trace amounts of hamster proteins. Patients treated with this product may develop hypersensitivity to these non-human mammalian proteins.

5.2 Neutralizing Antibodies

Inhibitors have been reported following administration of XYNTHA. Monitor patients for the development of factor VIII inhibitors by appropriate clinical observations and laboratory tests. If expected factor VIII activity plasma levels are not attained, or if bleeding is not controlled with an appropriate dose, perform an assay that measures factor VIII inhibitor concentration to determine if a factor VIII inhibitor is present [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3) ].4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

5.3 Monitoring Laboratory Tests

Use individual factor VIII values for recovery and, if clinically indicated, other pharmacokinetic characteristics to guide dosing and administration.
Monitor plasma factor VIII activity levels by the one-stage clotting assay to confirm that adequate factor VIII levels have been achieved and are maintained, when clinically indicated [see Dosage and Administration (2) ].
Monitor for development of factor VIII inhibitors. Perform assay to determine if factor VIII inhibitor is present when expected factor VIII activity plasma levels are not attained, or when bleeding is not controlled with the expected dose of XYNTHA. Use Bethesda Units (BU) to titer inhibitors.


The most common adverse reactions (≥10%) with XYNTHA in adult and pediatric previously treated patients (PTPs) were headache, arthralgia, pyrexia, and cough.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

XYNTHA was evaluated in five completed clinical studies (N=178), comprising four studies with adult and pediatric PTPs.

The safety and efficacy of XYNTHA was evaluated in two completed pivotal studies. In the first study (n=94), safety and efficacy were examined in PTPs with severe to moderately severe hemophilia A (factor VIII activity in plasma [FVIII:C] ≤2%) who received XYNTHA for routine prophylaxis and on-demand treatment. Ninety-four subjects received at least one dose of XYNTHA, resulting in a total of 6,775 infusions [see Clinical Studies (14) ]. The second study (n=30) examined the use of XYNTHA for surgical prophylaxis in PTPs with severe to moderately severe hemophilia A (FVIII:C ≤2%) who required elective major surgery and were expected to receive XYNTHA replacement therapy for at least 6 days post-surgery. All subjects received at least one dose of XYNTHA, resulting in 1,161 infusions. One subject received XYNTHA for a pre-surgery pharmacokinetic assessment only and did not undergo surgery [see Clinical Studies (14) ].

Across all studies, safety was evaluated in 72 pediatric PTPs <17 years of age (46 subjects, <6 years of age (4 subjects were 0 to <2 years of age), 4 subjects 6 to <12 years of age, and 22 adolescents, 12 to <17 years of age). A total of 13,109 infusions of XYNTHA were administered with a median dose per infusion of 28 IU/kg (min-max: 6–108 IU/kg).

Across all studies, the most common adverse reactions (≥10%) with XYNTHA in adult and pediatric PTPs were headache (24%), arthralgia (23%), pyrexia (23%), and cough (12%). Other adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of subjects were: diarrhea (8%), vomiting (8%), and asthenia (6%).

6.2 Immunogenicity

There is a potential for immunogenicity with therapeutic proteins. The development of factor VIII inhibitors with XYNTHA was evaluated in 167 adult and pediatric PTPs with at least 50 exposure days (EDs). Laboratory-based assessments for FVIII inhibitor (partial Nijmegen modification of the Bethesda inhibitor assay) were conducted in the clinical studies. The criterion for a positive FVIII result test result was ≥0.6 BU/mL. Across all studies, 4 subjects developed factor VIII inhibitors (2.4%).

The completed clinical studies for XYNTHA examined 178 subjects (30 for surgical prophylaxis) who had previously been treated with factor VIII (PTPs). In the first safety and efficacy study, factor VIII inhibitors were detected in two of 89 subjects (2.2%) who completed ≥50 EDs. In a Bayesian statistical analysis, results from this study were used to update PTP results from a prior supporting study using XYNTHA manufactured at the initial facility (with one de novo and two recurrent inhibitors observed in 110 subjects) and the experience with predecessor product (with one inhibitor observed in 113 subjects). The Bayesian analysis indicated that the population inhibitor rate for XYNTHA, an estimate of the 95% upper limit of the true inhibitor rate, was 4.17%.

None of the PTPs developed anti-CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) or anti-TN8.2 antibodies. One PTP developed anti-FVIII antibodies; but, this subject did not develop an inhibitor.

In the surgery study, one low titer persistent inhibitor and one transient false-positive inhibitor were reported. In this study, one surgical subject developed anti-CHO cell antibodies with no associated allergic reaction. One subject developed anti-FVIII antibodies; but, this subject did not develop an inhibitor.

Across all studies, immunogenicity was evaluated in 64 pediatric PTPs <17 years of age with at least 50 EDs (43 children <6 years of age, 4 subjects 6 to <12 years of age, and 17 adolescents, 12 to <17 years of age). Of these, 2 pediatric subjects developed an inhibitor.

The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody, including neutralizing antibody, positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparisons of the incidence of antibodies to XYNTHA with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.

6.3 Postmarketing Experience

Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The following postmarketing adverse reaction has been reported for XYNTHA:

Inadequate therapeutic response


8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

It is not known whether XYNTHA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with XYNTHA.

There is no information available on the effect of factor VIII replacement therapy on labor and delivery. XYNTHA should be used only if clinically indicated.

In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2–4% and 15–20%, respectively.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of XYNTHA in human milk, the effect on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for XYNTHA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from XYNTHA or from the underlying maternal condition.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy with XYNTHA were evaluated in clinical studies in 68 pediatric subjects <17 years of age (18 subjects aged 12 to <17 years, 50 subjects aged ≤12 years). There were no apparent differences in the efficacy and safety in pediatric subjects as compared to adults [see Adverse Reactions (6.1) and Clinical Studies (14)].

In comparison to the pharmacokinetic parameters reported in adults, children have shorter half-lives, larger volumes of distribution and lower recovery of factor VIII after XYNTHA administration. The clearance (based on per kg body weight) is approximately 40% higher in children. Higher or more frequent doses may be required to account for the observed differences in pharmacokinetic parameters [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3) ].

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of XYNTHA did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.


The active ingredient in XYNTHA, Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant), is a recombinant antihemophilic factor (rAHF), also called coagulation factor VIII, which is produced by recombinant DNA technology. It is secreted by a genetically engineered Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. The cell line is grown in a chemically defined cell culture medium that contains recombinant insulin, but does not contain any materials derived from human or animal sources.

The rAHF in XYNTHA is a purified glycoprotein, with an approximate molecular mass of 170 kDa consisting of 1,438 amino acids, which does not contain the B-domain.13 The amino acid sequence of the rAHF is comparable to the 90 + 80 kDa form of human coagulation factor VIII.

The purification process uses a series of chromatography steps, one of which is based on affinity chromatography using a patented synthetic peptide affinity ligand.14 The process also includes a solvent-detergent viral inactivation step and a virus-retaining nanofiltration step.

The potency expressed in International Units (IU) is determined using the chromogenic assay of the European Pharmacopoeia. The Wyeth manufacturing reference standard for potency has been calibrated against the World Health Organization (WHO) International Standard for factor VIII activity using the one-stage clotting assay. The specific activity of XYNTHA is 5,500 to 9,900 IU per milligram of protein.

XYNTHA is formulated as a sterile, nonpyrogenic, no preservative, lyophilized powder preparation for intravenous injection. Each single-use prefilled dual-chamber syringe (named XYNTHA SOLOFUSE) contains nominally 250, 500, 1000, 2000, or 3000 IU of XYNTHA. Upon reconstitution, the product is a clear to slightly opalescent, colorless solution that contains sodium chloride, sucrose, L-histidine, calcium chloride and polysorbate 80.


12.1 Mechanism of Action

XYNTHA temporarily replaces the missing clotting factor VIII that is needed for effective hemostasis.

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

The activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) is prolonged in patients with hemophilia. Determination of aPTT is a conventional in vitro assay for biological activity of factor VIII. Treatment with XYNTHA normalizes the aPTT over the effective dosing period.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic parameters of XYNTHA in 30 PTPs 12 to 60 years old, who received a single infusion of 50 IU/kg XYNTHA are summarized in Table 3.

In addition, 25 of the same subjects later received a single infusion of 50 IU/kg of XYNTHA for a 6-month follow-up pharmacokinetic study. The parameters were comparable between baseline and 6 months, indicating no time-dependent changes in the pharmacokinetics of XYNTHA.

In a separate study, 8 of 30 subjects at least 12 years old with hemophilia A undergoing elective major surgery received a single 50 IU/kg infusion of XYNTHA. The pharmacokinetic parameters in these subjects are also summarized in Table 3.

Table 3: Mean ± SD XYNTHA Pharmacokinetic Parameters in Previously Treated Patients with Hemophilia A after Single 50 IU/kg Dose
Parameter Initial Visit (n = 30) Month 6 (n = 25) Pre-surgery (n=8)
Abbreviations: AUC = area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity; Cmax = peak concentration; t1/2 = plasma elimination half-life; CL = clearance; n = number of subjects; SD = standard deviation; Vss = volume of distribution at steady-state.
One subject was excluded from the calculation due to lack of a well-defined terminal phase.

Cmax (IU/mL)

1.08 ± 0.22

1.24 ± 0.42

1.08 ± 0.24

AUC (IU∙hr/mL)

13.5 ± 5.6

15.0 ± 7.5

16.0 ± 5.2

t1/2 (hr)

11.2 ± 5.0

11.8 ± 6.2*

16.7 ± 5.4

CL (mL/hr/kg)

4.51 ± 2.23

4.04 ± 1.87

3.48 ± 1.25

Vss (mL/kg)

66.1 ± 33.0

67.4 ± 32.6

69.0 ± 20.1

Recovery (IU/dL per IU/kg)

2.15 ± 0.44

2.47 ± 0.84

2.17 ± 0.47

Table 4 shows the pharmacokinetic parameters of nine children; four aged 14 or 15 years of age, who are also included in the summary for the adults above, along with five children aged 3.7–5.8 years after single 50 IU/kg doses of XYNTHA. Compared to adults, the half-life of XYNTHA is shorter in children and the clearance (based on per kg body weight) is approximately 40% higher in children.

Table 4: Mean ± SD XYNTHA Pharmacokinetic Parameters in Previously Treated Pediatric Patients with Hemophilia A after Single 50 IU/kg Dose
Parameter Young Children (n=5) Adolescents (n=4)
Abbreviations: AUC = area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity; Cmax = peak concentration; t1/2 = plasma elimination half-life; CL = clearance; n = number of subjects; SD = standard deviation; Vss = volume of distribution at steady-state.

Age (min — max, yr))

3.7 – 5.8

14 – 15

Cmax (IU/mL)

0.78 ± 0.34

0.97 ± 0.21

AUC (IU∙hr/mL)

12.2 ± 6.50

8.5 ± 4.0

t1/2 (hr)

8.3 ± 2.7

6.9 ± 2.4

CL (mL/hr/kg)

6.29 ± 4.87

6.62 ± 2.16

Vss (mL/kg)

66.9 ± 55.6

67.1 ± 13.6

Recovery (IU/dL per IU/kg)

1.52 ± 0.69

1.95 ± 0.41

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