HYPERRAB- human rabies virus immune globulin injection, solution
GRIFOLS USA, LLC
HYPERRAB is a human rabies immune globulin indicated for postexposure prophylaxis, along with rabies vaccine, for all persons suspected of exposure to rabies.
Limitation of Use
Persons who have been previously immunized with rabies vaccine and have a confirmed adequate rabies antibody titer should receive only vaccine.(1-3)
For unvaccinated persons, the combination of HYPERRAB and vaccine is recommended for both bite and nonbite exposures regardless of the time interval between exposure and initiation of postexposure prophylaxis.(1-3)
Beyond 7 days (after the first vaccine dose), HYPERRAB is not indicated since an antibody response to vaccine is presumed to have occurred.
For infiltration and intramuscular use only.
The strength of HYPERRAB is 300 IU/mL.
Use HYPERRAB in combination with rabies vaccine series to be effective. Do not use HYPERRAB alone for prevention.
Administer HYPERRAB within 7 days after the first dose of rabies vaccine.
|Vaccination Status||Treatment||Regimen †|
|Not previously vaccinated||Wound cleansing||• Cleanse all wounds immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. • Irrigate the wounds with a virucidal agent such as a povidone-iodine solution, if available.|
|HYPERRAB 20 IU/kg body weight OR 0.0665 mL/kg body weight Single-dose||• Administer HYPERRAB as soon as possible after exposure, preferably at the time of the first vaccine dose. • Infiltrate the full dose of HYPERRAB thoroughly in the area around and into the wound(s), if anatomically feasible. [see Dosage and Administration (2.3) ] • Inject the remainder, if any, intramuscularly at an anatomical site distant from the site of vaccine administration. [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)] • Do not exceed the recommended dose of HYPERRAB, otherwise the active production of rabies antibody may be partially suppressed. [see Drug Interactions (7)] • Use separate syringes, needles, and anatomical injection sites for HYPERRAB and for rabies vaccine.|
|Rabies Vaccine||• Administer rabies vaccine on day 0‡• Complete a rabies vaccination series for previously unvaccinated persons.†|
|Previously vaccinated §||Wound cleansing||• Cleanse all wounds immediately and thoroughly with soap and water. • Irrigate the wounds with a virucidal agent such as a povidone-iodine solution, if available.|
|HYPERRAB||• Do not administer HYPERRAB. [see Indications and Usage (1)]|
|Rabies Vaccine||• Administer rabies vaccine on day 0‡. • Complete a rabies vaccination series for previously vaccinated persons.|
- Calculate the volume of HYPERRAB for the recommended dose of 20 IU/kg.
- Ensure the correct strength is used for the calculation. HYPERRAB is formulated with a strength of 300 IU/mL. The predecessor product, HYPERRAB S/D was formulated at 150 IU/mL. The volume required of HYPERRAB (300 IU/mL) to achieve the recommended dose of 20 IU/kg is approximately one half of that required for the previous HYPERRAB S/D (150 IU/mL).
- Visually inspect parenteral drug products for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. HYPERRAB is a clear or slightly opalescent, and colorless or pale yellow or light brown sterile solution.
- Do not use HYPERRAB if the product shows any sign of tampering. Notify Grifols Therapeutics LLC immediately [1-800-520-2807].
- Do not freeze. Do not use any solution that has been frozen.
- Discard unused portion.
- Administer HYPERRAB at the time of the first vaccine dose (day 0), but no later than day 7(1-3).
- Infiltrate the full dose of HYPERRAB in the area around the wound, if anatomically feasible. Dilute HYPERRAB with an equal volume of dextrose, 5% (D5W), if additional volume is needed to infiltrate the entire wound. Do not dilute with normal saline.
- Inject the remainder, if any, of the HYPERRAB dose intramuscularly into the deltoid muscle of the upper arm or into the lateral thigh muscle, and distant from the site of vaccine administration.
- Do not administer HYPERRAB in the same syringe or needle or in the same anatomic site as vaccine.
HYPERRAB is a sterile, 300 IU/mL solution for injection supplied in 1 mL, 3 mL and 5 mL single-dose vials. The 1 mL vial is sufficient for a child weighing 15 kg. The 3 mL vial is sufficient for a person weighing 45 kg. The 5 mL vial is sufficient for an adult weighing 75 kg.
HYPERRAB is standardized against the U.S. Standard Rabies Immune Globulin to contain a potency of ≥300 IU/mL. The U.S. unit of potency is equivalent to the international unit (IU) for rabies antibody.
Severe hypersensitivity reactions may occur with HYPERRAB. Patients with a history of prior systemic allergic reactions to human immunoglobulin preparations are at a greater risk of developing severe hypersensitivity and anaphylactic reactions. Have epinephrine available for treatment of acute allergic symptoms, should they occur.
Patients with isolated immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency may develop severe hypersensitivity reactions to HYPERRAB, or subsequently, to the administration of blood products that contain IgA.(4)
HYPERRAB is made from human blood and may carry a risk of transmitting infectious agents, e.g., viruses, the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) agent, and, theoretically, the Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agent. HYPERRAB is purified from human plasma obtained from healthy donors. When medicinal biological products are administered, infectious diseases due to transmission of pathogens cannot be totally excluded. However, in the case of products prepared from human plasma, the risk of transmission of pathogens is reduced by: (1) epidemiological controls on the donor population and selection of individual donors by a medical interview and screening of individual donations and plasma pools for viral infection markers; (2) testing of plasma for hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), HAV and human parvovirus (B19V) genomic material; and (3) manufacturing procedures with demonstrated capacity to inactivate/remove pathogens.
ALL infections thought by a physician possibly to have been transmitted by this product should be reported by the physician or other healthcare provider to Grifols Therapeutics LLC [1-800-520-2807].
The most common adverse reactions in >5% of subjects during clinical trials were injection site pain, headache, injection site nodule, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence, nasal congestion, and oropharyngeal pain.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The new formulation for HYPERRAB is manufactured using caprylate/chromatography purification and has a rabies antibody concentration of 300 IU/mL. The previous formulation, HYPERRAB S/D, was manufactured using a solvent detergent process and had a rabies antibody concentration of 150 IU/mL. These products were evaluated in 2 clinical trials in a total of 20 healthy subjects using a 20 IU/kg single dose. The initial study evaluated the original 150 IU/mL HYPERRAB S/D in 8 subjects and the second study evaluated HYPERRAB in 12 subjects. The original study of HYPERRAB S/D reported headache (1/8; 13%).
In the study with HYPERRAB at 300 IU/mL, 5 subjects (5/12; 42%) experienced at least 1 adverse reaction. These were: injection site pain (4/12; 33%), injection site nodule (1/12; 8%), abdominal pain (1/12; 8%), diarrhea (1/12; 8%), flatulence (1/12; 8%), headache (1/12; 8%), nasal congestion (1/12; 8%), and oropharyngeal pain (1/12; 8%).
There are no data on the postmarketing use of HYPERRAB (300 IU/mL). The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of the predecessor formulation, HYPERRAB S/D. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Among patients treated with HYPERRAB S/D, cases of allergic/hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis have been reported. Soreness at the site of injection (injection site pain) may be observed following intramuscular injection of immune globulins. Sensitization to repeated injections has occurred occasionally in immunoglobulin-deficient patients.
The following have been identified as the most frequently reported post-marketing adverse reactions:
|Immune system disorder||Anaphylactic reaction *hypersensitivity *|
|Nervous system disorders||Hypoesthesia|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders||Arthralgia, myalgia, pain in extremity|
- Do not administer repeated doses of HYPERRAB once vaccine treatment has been initiated as this could prevent the full expression of active immunity expected from the rabies vaccine.(1)
- Other antibodies in the HYPERRAB preparation may interfere with the response to live vaccines such as measles, mumps, polio or rubella. Defer immunization with live vaccines for 4 months after HYPERRAB administration.(5)
There are no data with HYPERRAB use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with HYPERRAB. It is not known whether HYPERRAB can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. HYPERRAB should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed. In the U.S. general population, the estimated backgrounds risk of major birth defect and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.
There is no information regarding the presence of HYPERRAB in human milk, the effect on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for HYPERRAB and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from HYPERRAB.
Safety and effectiveness in the pediatric population have not been established.
Safety and effectiveness in geriatric population have not been established.
Because Rabies Immune Globulin (Human) may partially suppress active production of antibody in response to the rabies vaccine, do not give more than the recommended dose of rabies immune globulin (human).(1)
HYPERRAB is a clear or slightly opalescent, and colorless or pale yellow or light brown sterile solution of human antirabies immune globulin for infiltration and intramuscular administration. HYPERRAB is provided in a single-dose vial and contains no preservative. HYPERRAB is prepared from pools of human plasma collected from healthy donors (hyperimmunized with rabies vaccine) by a combination of cold ethanol fractionation, caprylate precipitation and filtration, caprylate incubation, anion-exchange chromatography, nanofiltration and low pH incubation. HYPERRAB consists of 15 to 18% protein at pH 4.1 to 4.8 in 0.16 to 0.26 M glycine. The product is standardized against the U.S. Standard Rabies Immune Globulin to contain a potency value of not less than 300 IU/mL. The U.S. unit of potency is equivalent to the international unit (IU) for rabies antibody.
When medicinal biological products are administered, infectious diseases due to transmission of pathogens cannot be totally excluded. However, in the case of products prepared from human plasma, the risk of transmission of pathogens is reduced by epidemiological surveillance of the donor population and selection of individual donors by medical interview; testing of individual donations and plasma pools; and the presence in the manufacturing processes of steps with demonstrated capacity to inactivate/remove pathogens.
In the manufacturing process of HYPERRAB, there are several steps with the capacity for virus inactivation or removal.(6) The main steps of the manufacturing process that contribute to the virus clearance capacity are as follows:
- Caprylate precipitation/depth filtration
- Caprylate incubation
- Depth filtration
- Column chromatography
- Low pH final container incubation
To provide additional assurance of the pathogen safety of the final product, the capacity of the HYPERRAB manufacturing process to remove and/or inactivate viruses has been demonstrated by laboratory spiking studies on a scaled down process model using a wide range of viruses with diverse physicochemical properties.
The combination of all of the above mentioned measures provides the final product with a high margin of safety from the potential risk of transmission of infectious viruses.
The caprylate/chromatography manufacturing process was also investigated for its capacity to decrease the infectivity of an experimental agent of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), considered as a model for the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) agents.(6) These studies provide reasonable assurance that low levels of vCJD/CJD agent infectivity, if present in the starting material, would be removed by the caprylate/chromatography manufacturing process.
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